IRON RICH SPHERES
IRON RICH SPHERES
Molten iron spheres = Evidence of deliberate act of destruction. Because to create these spheres, steel has to go through a molten phase. Temperatures which hydro carbon fires or Jet Fuel cannot produce.
Billions of Previously Molten Iron Spheres in WTC Dust, Reveal Use of Thermitic Materials
“Iron-rich microspheres were so common in the WTC dust that EPA’s WTC panel discussed their use as one of the signature components to distinguish the WTC dust from so-called “background” dust (i.e. common office-building dust). RJ Lee Group, evaluating the contamination of the Deutsche Bank building at 130 Liberty Street, also described these iron-rich spheres, and actually used them as one of their signature markers. In other words, dust wasn’t regarded as WTC dust unless it contained these spheres. The chemical composition and micro-images of two WTC iron-rich spheres were documented by the US Geological Survey.”
EPA WTC Dust Study
“Numerous iron-rich spheres are clearly observed in the residue following the ignition of these peculiar red/gray chips. The red portion of these chips is found to be an unreacted thermitic material and highly energetic.”
“The differences within the WTC Dust and typical background dusts include the fineness and evidence of heat, the size and concentration of the chrysotile, and the length and concentration of the mineral wool and other fibers, as well as the frequency of occurrence of spherical particles produced by fire and heat, char and soot, and other building products.” (World Trade Center Particulate Contamination Signature. Pages 16-19, Cambridge Journal)
Those spherical particles can only be produced by metal going through a molten aersol phase. “Chrysotile”, btw, means asbestos – the main reason for RJ Lee’s study. They are basically saying there was a lot of fine asbestos dust – certainly not “safe to breathe”.
The RJ Lee Group performed a detailed analysis of WTC Dust for Deutschbank
Here is a copy of that study:
9/11 Evidence, Molten Iron Spheres in WTC Dust
9/11 and Skeptic Magazine’s ‘Science’ of Controlled Demolitions
DEBUNKING ATTEMPTS OF IRON RICH SPHERES
FLY ASH (PORTLAND CEMENT)?
CLAIM “Iron rich microspheres are a component of fly ash (which is basically made up of microspheres). Fly ash is a component of Portland Cement. Portland Cement is a component of the concrete used to building the Twin Towers.”
“Fly ash material solidifies while suspended in the exhaust gases and is collected by electrostatic precipitators or filter bags. Since the particles solidify rapidly while suspended in the exhaust gases, fly ash particles are generally spherical in shape and range in size from 0.5 µm to 300 µm…. Owing to its pozzolanic properties, fly ash is used as a replacement for some of the Portland cement content of concrete.”
Preparation and Characterization of Nano structured Materials from Fly Ash: A Waste from Thermal Power Stations, by High Energy Ball Milling
Winter Weather: Optimizing the Use of Fly Ash in Concrete
“The use of fly ash in the concrete industry continues to grow. Over 15 million metric tons of fly ash were added to portland cement concrete in 2006. Its use is beneficial for a number of reasons. Since it is a by-product material, using it as a concrete ingredient provides economic advantages and frees up landfill space. In addition, fly ash promotes concrete workability, especially useful for pumped concrete mixtures. Fly ash reduces concretes’ permeability and increases its resistance to sulfate attack and alkali-silica reaction.”
Fly Ash in Portland Cement Concrete (Sources)
“The amount of substitution is also dependent on the chemical composition of the fly ash and the portland cement. Currently, States allow a maximum substitution in the range of 15 to 25 percent.”
Other Sources for Fly Ash:
Iron oxide content of WTC dust from concrete ~.06%
Iron oxide content of WTC dust [Average] . . . ~.68%
Particle Atlas of World Trade Center Dust
“Concrete is composed of aggregate, sand, and Portland cement (Chandra and Berntsson, 2003). The aggregate material in WTC concrete sample appears to be expanded shale. The sand is primarily quartz, but can contain feldspar, iron and titanium oxides, micas, and other rock-forming minerals. Portlandite (Ca(OH)2) and magnesium hydroxide are also present in minor to trace amounts. Portland cement hydrates to form a large variety of Ca-rich phases including calcium silicate hydrate, calcium aluminum hydrate, calcium aluminum iron hydrate, and Portlandite (Ca(OH)2) (Chandra and Berntsson, 2003). Portlandite is indistinguishable from lime (CaO) using qualitative EDS. Minor gypsum is added to control the set of the concrete. Particles identifiable as concrete in WTC dust are those constituting the Portland cement component.”
“fly ash particles are generally spherical in shape and range in size from 0.5 µm to 300 µm”.
This statement alone debunks Fly Ash because the Sphere’s found in the WTC dust ranged from 0.09 µm to 0.24 µm. A fraction of the size of Fly ash.
Trade Center Air Held Unprecedented Amounts of Very Fine Particles, Silicon, Sulfates, Metals, Say UC Davis Scientists
“The team analyzed the particles by size in eight ranges from coarse (12 micrometers to 5 micrometers in diameter) to very fine (0.24 micrometers to 0.09 micrometers in diameter). Most of the ultrafine mode (particles less than 0.1 micrometers) was not collected.”
“Cahill said the very fine particles contained high levels of sulfur and sulfur-based compounds, which in early analyses appear to have been dominated by sulfuric acid.”
9/11 and Skeptic Magazine’s ‘Science’ of Controlled Demolitions
The RJ Lee dust morphology study: Wading through pages 16 to 19 is worth it. It concludes: “The differences within the WTC Dust and typical background dusts include the fineness and evidence of heat, the size and concentration of the chrysotile, and the length and concentration of the mineral wool and other fibers, as well as the frequency of occurrence of spherical particles produced by fire and heat, char and soot, and other building products.” (Those spherical particles can only be produced by metal going through a molten aersol phase). “Chrysotile”, btw, means asbestos – the main reason for RJ Lee’s study. They are basically saying there was a lot of fine asbestos dust – certainly not “safe to breathe”..
“Mohr actually cites the wrong R.J. Lee report, but R.J. Lee did suggest in another report that the fires in the buildings on 9/11 were the cause of the spheres. This is a significant error in that report, however, and apparently Mohr is as unaware as the report’s authors that the melting point of iron is about 1535 °C, similar to that of structural steel at about 1538 °C, while, according to NIST’s own estimation, the maximum temperature of any of the fires in any of the WTC buildings was about 1,000 °C, and of the steel samples is studied that had been exposed to the fires, NIST found “no evidence of exposure to temperatures above 600 °C for any significant time.” Doh!”
New Info Challenges 9/11 Thermite Claims…
“What about the iron microspheres? The iron has a thin layer of rust flakes that can be easily removed by sticky tape. The iron is heated red hot or hotter and subjected to hurricane force blast furnace like wind. The iron flakes are liberated as small particles and some iron is vaporized. Like drops of water, the iron flakes form molten spheres that solidify and the fume also condenses into spheres, the most efficient geometrical form. … The formation of iron and other type spheres at temperatures obtainable by the combustion of petroleum or coal based fuels is not a new or unique process. These spheres are the same as iron and alumino-silicate spheres in the well-studied fly ash formed from contaminants in coal as it is burned in furnaces. – Rich Lee”
Form and Composition of Dust Particles Indicates Aluminothermics
The Problem with Microspheres (Greening Vs Jones)
Debunkers make a good point… about IRON SPHERES
IRON RICH SPHERES ARE STEEL WOOL
Debunkers are now claiming that the Iron Rich Spheres are “Steel wool”
Steel-Wool Iron Spheres Debunked Again: Shame on NMSR´s Dave Thomas
“Dave Thomas happens to be the president of New Mexicans for Science and Reason, and NMSR states that the group,
“consists of individuals, including scientists and non-professionals alike, who share the goals of promoting genuine science, the scientific method, and rational and critical thinking….We are skeptical, however, of those groups who misuse and misrepresent science. We oppose the use of fabrication, flawed logic, distortion of facts, and pseudoscientific propaganda by any and all groups who twist science to suit their own ends…”
Yet, the president´s YouTube pseudo-science is the depiction of this kind of distortion of facts to suit an agenda. Dave´s re-posting of an experiment that has been falsified by his own colleague on his own forum is inexcusable. And a forum of proper skeptics would not tolerate this behavior, but nothing has changed since Dr. Greening gave up and left the JREF 9/11 forum in 2007, denouncing it for “smothering scientific debate”. This kind of misconduct is currently known as pseudo-skepticism, and interestingly enough, it was none other than Marcello Truzzi who revived the term to describe these kinds of tactics. ”
QUESTIONS FOR DEBUNKERS
1) Explain how the Fly ash in the concrete from the WTC was much smaller in size at 0.09 to 0.24 micrometer diameter?
2) Does Portland Cement also put un reacted Thermitic material in their concrete?
3) Does Portland Cement also put iron oxide and aluminum sulfide in spherical form ranging from 100 microns up to about 1.5 millimeters (USGS) in their concrete?
4) Any reason on why they would use Iron Rich Spheres in their concrete?
5) How can debunkers claim that the dust is “fly ash” when fly ash wasn’t even added to Portland cement until 2006?
6) How do these “fly-ash” spheres form, given the high melting point of iron (about 1530 C)? Do the incinerators use forced-air?
7) How many other buildings have been made with this Portland Cement? Has it been removed because of its safety reasons?