NANO THERMITE

NANO THERMITE

NANO THERMITE

A Nano-thermite or “super-thermite”[1] is a metastable intermolecular composite (MICs) characterized by a particle size of its main constituents, a metal and a metal oxide, under 1 micrometre. This allows for high and customizable reaction rates. Nano-thermites contain an oxidizer and a reducing agent, which are intimately mixed on the nanometer scale. MICs, including nano-thermitic materials, are a type of reactive materials investigated for military use, as well as for general applications involving propellants, explosives, and pyrotechnics.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nano-thermite
—————–

WHAT IS NANO THERMITE?

Thermite
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thermite
http://www.pyroguide.com/index.php?title=Thermite

“Thermite contains its own supply of oxygen and does not require any external source of air. Consequently, it cannot be smothered and may ignite in any environment, given sufficient initial heat. It will burn well while wet and cannot be easily extinguished with water, although enough water will remove heat and may stop the reaction.[16] Small amounts of water will boil before reaching the reaction. Even so, thermite is used for welding underwater.”
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What is Nano Thermite?
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mjYwhB9WpFE

Thermite is a high-temperature incendiary composition that can successfully reach temperatures of 2500 degrees Celsius.

Nano Thermite = Fe2 O3 + 2Al (Iron Oxide and Aluminum) (Add Sulfur for Thermate)

~2500 ºC (4532 ºF) – maximum temperature of thermite
——————

HISTORY OF THERMITE

Popular Mechanics Ignores Its Own Historical Records of Thermite Demolition: Destruction of Skyride Towers, Reichstag Dome Set Incendiary Precedent
http://www.ae911truth.org/en/news-section/41-articles/575-popular-mechanics-ignores-its-own-historical-records-of-thermite-demolition-destruction-of-skyride-towers-reichstag-dome-set-incendiary-precedent.html

“The SkyRide Towers, an attraction built for the Chicago World’s Fair in 1933, consisted of two 628-foot-tall steel towers, connected by an aerial suspension system that ferried passengers from one tower to the other. At the time, its staggering height made it the tallest structure in Chicago.

“A search through national news archives has brought up another famous example of thermite-assisted demolition that contradicts Meigs’ claims. The steel-framed roof of the German Reichstag, which survived arson in 1933 and Allied bombardment during World War II, was felled by thermite charges in 1954.”

http://books.google.com/books?id=xd0DAAAAMBAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_atb#v=onepage&q&f=false
—————-

LAWRENCE LIVERMORE NATIONAL LAB (LLNL)

Manuel Garcia Sees Physics That Don’t Exist
“Garcia not only works for the government, he works for a very interesting organization in terms of the best hypothesis for what happened that day. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Garcia’s employer, appears to be where explosive thermite was invented, and it continues to be a focus of research there. (1) At LLNL, government scientists have learned how to combine the exothermic power of the thermite reaction with organic moieties to produce a thermite reaction that can do pressure/volume work (i.e. turn massive quantities of concrete and other building materials into dust). From the research of Steven Jones, we know that the thermite reaction likely played a role in bringing the towers down, and it would not be surprising if technology developed by LLNL was involved. Could that be why Manuel Garcia is so intent on seeing Physics that don’t exist, in order to avoid seeing links to technology developed by his employer?”
http://www.stj911.org/ryan/garcia.html
—————
“In early 1997, Lawrence Livermore successfully tested a shaped charge that penetrated 3.4 meters of high-strength armor steel. The largest diameter precision shaped charge ever built produced a jet of molybdenum that traveled several meters through the air before making its way through successive blocks of steel (Figure 1). A shaped charge, by design, focuses all of its energy on a single line, making it very accurate and controllable.”
https://www.llnl.gov/str/Baum.html
———–
“Things that Go Boom
The Livermore researchers are applying the three techniques to improve the performance of thermites—pyrotechnic compositions that combine a metal oxide, such as copper oxide, with a metal powder, such as aluminum. Thermites are designed to produce an exothermic reaction through a process of oxidation and reduction. Such materials typically have a slow burn rate, limited by the irregular placement of the fuels and oxidizers. “Improved performance in energetic materials is contingent upon achieving microstructural control that is not currently available,” says Spadaccini. “If we can adjust the thermite microstructure, we can control its burn rate.”
https://str.llnl.gov/Mar12/spadaccini.html
———–
“Energetic nanocomposites have a fuel component and an oxidizer component mixed together. One example is a gel made of an oxidizer with a fuel embedded in the pores of the gel. In one such material (termed a thermite pyrotechnic), iron oxide gel reacts with metallic aluminum particles to release an enormous amount of heat. “These reactions typically produce temperatures in excess of 3,500 degrees Celsius,””
https://www.llnl.gov/str/RSimpson.html
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Other scientific papers on Nano Compounds

Tillotson, TM, Hrubesh, Simpson RL Lee RS, Swansiger RW, Simpson LR (1998), Sol-Gel Processing of Energetic Materials, J. Non-Crystalline Solids, 225, 358

Tillotson TM, Simpson RL, Hrubesh LW (1999), Nanostructure High Explosives Using Sol-gel Chemistry, 98-ERD-048, LLNL Laboratory Directed Research and Development, Annual Report FY1999
https://e-reports-ext.llnl.gov/pdf/238334.pdf (p 8-11 or 181 of 255)

LLNL (2000), Science and Technology Review, October 2000, Nanoscale Chemistry Yields Better Explosives
https://www.llnl.gov/str/RSimpson.html

Gash AE, Simpson RL,Tillitson TM, et al (2000), Making Nanostructured Pyrotechnics in a Beaker, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) UCRL-JC-137593, https://e-reports-ext.llnl.gov/pdf/247064.pdf

NOTES: Do you notice the dates are before 2001? Note that it can be several years of research before papers are published.

The entire Harrit paper is about showing that the chips are in the form of sol-gel nano-thermite. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is a military lab. Military labs are part of the military and they use military labs. Get it? LLNL were among the first to research nano-thermite before 2001. 1999 is more than a couple of years . And again that is only when they published their first results not when they started.

I know nano-thermite is an explosive because the NIST scientists along with Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory who pioneered it say so. I also know explosives can bring down buildings. See any controlled demotion to verify. The fact that a highly advanced military explosive (available only to US and allied military labs) is found in the WTC dust requires a new competent investigation.
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LOS ALAMOS

I found a company based at Los Alamos, to which a “supernanothermite” project was awarded in 2002. Excerpt: “One of the largest potential markets under consideration is the coating of fine powders with ultrathin and conformal films. Depositing oxidizers directly on aluminum nanoparticles to fabricate superthermite explosive particles is an excellent ALD application. These “all-in-one” superthermite particles are anticipated to display much higher reactive powers than conventional explosives. Tests of nanoscale powders of Al and MoO3 with particle sizes from 200-500 have been shown to react more than 1000 times faster than conventional powdered thermites. Even higher reaction rates are expected for the “all-in-one” superthermite particles with the oxidizer deposited directly on the aluminum nanoparticle. Consequently, these superthermite particles may replace conventional organic explosives such as TNT in a variety of applications. These superthermite explosive particles may find use in the military as improved munitions and in the civilian sector as better blasting agents.”
http://www.dodsbir.net/awardlist/sttr1_02.htm
http://permalink.lanl.gov/object/tr?what=info%3Alanl-repo%2Flareport%2FLA-UR-01-6075
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RAILWAY THERMITE

thermiterailway

Railroad thermite welding
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5uxsFglz2ig
———
Railway thermite welding reaction railroad Siberia
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XQViDITyIKs
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CAD Welding | CADWELL Thermite Welding | Exothermic Welding
http://www.mechanicalengineeringblog.com/3733-cad-welding-cadwell-thermite-welding-exothermic-welding/
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Thermit Welding | Rail Alumino–Thermic Welding | Thermite Welding Procedure
http://www.mechanicalengineeringblog.com/3711-thermit-welding-rail-aluminothermic-welding-thermite-welding-procedure/
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Thermit Process | Thermit Welding Materials | Application Of Thermit Welding
http://www.mechanicalengineeringblog.com/date/2013/08/
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File: Thermite residues (railway welding).JPG
http://www.commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Thermite_residues_(railway_welding).JPG

“Two buckets of thermite residues left by railway workers after welding tracks. Found and photographed by Årstafältet tramway station (line Tvärbanan), Stockholm, Sweden”

“Residues of ceramic molds for thermite welding like these, left by railway workers, can be found along tracks”
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NANO THERMITE PATENTS

United States Patent
Givens et al.

Thermite Charge

Patent No: US 7,555,986 B2
Date of Patent: July 7, 2009

“The present invention provides for cutting operations using linear thermite charges; the charges cut one dimensional or two dimensional geometric shapes; the invention is useful for structure entry or demolition.”

nanothermitepatent
http://www.patentstorm.us/patents/7555986/fulltext.html
http://techportal.eere.energy.gov/techpdfs/LTC%20-%20US7555986_1.pdf
http://www.patentbuddy.com/Patent/7555986
——–
United States Patent
Givens et al.

Thermite Charge

Patent No: US 20060266204
Date of Patent: March 8, 2006
http://www.patentstorm.us/applications/20060266204/fulltext.html
—————
United States Patent
Mohler

Cutting Torch and Associated Methods

Patent No: US 6,183,569 B1
Date of Patent: Feb 6, 2001
http://www.patentstorm.us/patents/6183569/fulltext.html
http://www.google.com/patents?id=Y0wFAAAAEBAJ&
——————–
Patent US5532449 – Using plasma ARC and thermite to demolish concrete
http://www.patentstorm.us/patents/5532449/description.html
http://www.google.com/patents/US5532449

Patent number: 5532449
Filing date: Aug 29, 1994
Issue date: Jul 2, 1996

“A plasma arc can be employed to demolish a concrete structure at a high efficiency, while preventing a secondary problem due to noise, flying dust and chips, and the like. The concrete structure can be demolished by melting a surface of the concrete structure by generating a plasma arc from a plasma torch (15) of a plasma arc generator, mixing thermite powder (T) with a supply gas (Gc) for the plasma torch (15), directing the plasma arc at the surface of the concrete structure, and controlling the rate of supply of the thermite powder (T) to the plasma torch (15) in response to the operation of the plasma arc, including initiating and stopping the supply of the thermite powder (T) to the plasma torch (15) in a manner coordinated with the initiation and stoppage of the plasma arc, thereby controlling the heat generated by the thermite reaction, and melting the surface of the concrete structure. The plasma generator (1) can be provided with a feeder (20) for mixing the thermite powder…”
—————
1999: “Invention offers a thermite based apparatus and method for cutting target material [eg, steel] of a substantial thickness… linear.. cutting action…” A prototype has been used to cut through a steel I-beam. (Robert Moore has called to my attention a thermite-jet demonstration by the company which secured this patent:
http://stj911.org/jones/focus_on_goal.html
—————-
US Patent Application 20060266204 – Thermite charge
http://www.patentstorm.us/applications/20060266204/fulltext.html
—————-
United States Patent: 7555986
http://patft1.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=7555986.PN.&OS=PN%2F7555986&RS=PN%2F7555986
—————
OTHER

fluoro-organic compounds for Explosives:
http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA413251&Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf
http://www.patentstorm.us/patents/5532449/description.html
http://www.prisonplanet.com/kevin-r-ryan-demolition-access-to-the-wtc-towers.html
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NANO THERMITE SHAPE CHARGE

Linear Thermite Cutting Charges
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wn-MCCZ3O1M&
———-
Shaped Charge Technology
https://www.llnl.gov/str/Baum.html
“In early 1997, Lawrence Livermore successfully tested a shaped charge that penetrated 3.4 meters of high-strength armor steel. The largest diameter precision shaped charge ever built produced a jet of molybdenum that traveled several meters through the air before making its way through successive blocks of steel (Figure 1). A shaped charge, by design, focuses all of its energy on a single line, making it very accurate and controllable.”
———-
Shaped Charges Pierce the Toughest Targets
https://www.llnl.gov/str/pdfs/06_98.3.pdf
———–
Shaped Charge
http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/munitions/bullets2-shaped-charge.htm
———-
Gasless Detonation (This is only the first page of this paper, but read the first paragraph on the left and the first paragraph on the right column.)
http://resources.metapress.com/pdf-preview.axd?code=3057217×87580065&size=largest
————
How Could Thermite, an Incendiary, Demolish the Towers, When Buildings Are Normally Demolished Using High-Explosive Cutter Charges?
http://911research.wtc7.net/essays/thermite/explosive_residues.html#faq
————–

NANO THERMITE SOURCES

Energetic Nanocomposites
http://911review.com/means/demolition/nanocomposites.html
——–
Explosives Found in World Trade Center Dust
http://911research.wtc7.net/essays/thermite/explosive_residues.html
———-
thermite-fingerprint

Thermite Finger Print – A Special Report by Visibility 9-11
http://www.visibility911.org/thermite-finger-print-a-special-report-by-visibility-9-11/
———-

THERMITE EXPERIMENTS

KEVIN RYAN

Top 10 Connections Between NIST and Nanothermite
http://www.journalof911studies.com/volume/2008/Ryan_NIST_and_Nano-1.pdf
———-
How to Debunk Nano Thermite
http://digwithin.net/2013/12/08/thermite/
———–
KEVIN RYAN
https://kendoc911.wordpress.com/911-info/architects-and-engineers-for-911-truth/kevin-ryan/
———-

NIELS HARRIT

A danish scientist Niels Harrit, on nano-thermite in the WTC dust:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8_tf25lx_3o (10 mins)

“Molten metal pours out of the South Tower several minutes before the collapse. This indicates the whole structure was being weakened in advance. Then the regular explosives come into play.” – Niels Harrit
———–
NIELS HARRIT
https://kendoc911.wordpress.com/911-info/architects-and-engineers-for-911-truth/niels-harrit/
———-

STEVEN JONES

BYU Physics Prof. Steven Jones Shows Video Evidence of Thermite Use on 9/11
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RuxOZJN4dHg
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3pL0M5ST8jY
———-

MARK BASILE

Mark Basile
http://www.markbasile.org/

Independent Study of the WTC Dust
——–
Mark Basile ignites a chip (nano-thermite) – 9/11
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S1TwVACENAo

9/11: WTC Nanothermite chip vs Paint ignition by Mark Basile
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pOzh5CbLqBw
——–
9/11 – Mark Basile & WTC Nanothermite: Dust Analysis Raises Questions
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6WQ6PHS04eM
———-
9/11 World Trade Center Red /Gray chips ignition test -Mark Basile.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6TgDwXSdBxA

“Mark Basile conducts an ignition test on known WTC primer paint and known WTC Red/Gray chips,and some paint chips actually taken from his house.”
———–

OTHER

Interview with Jeff Farrer, Nanothermite Paper Scientist
http://world911truth.org/interview-with-jeff-farrer-nanothermite-paper-scientist/
———
Thermite Identified As Culprit Of WTC Collapse
http://www.infowars.com/articles/sept11/thermite_id_culprit_wtc_collapse.htm
———-
THERMITE USED ON 9/11! Absolute Proof Explosives Controlled Demolition of Towers & Building 7!
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3-jeQmW5wiA
———
Understanding The Use Of Thermite On 9-11
http://rense.com/general86/therm.htm
———

THERMITE EXPERIMENTS

9/11 Experiments: The Great Thermate Debate
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5d5iIoCiI8g
——–
9/11 Experiments: The Mysterious Eutectic Steel
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VvQDFV1HINw
———
9/11 Experiments: Eliminate the Impossible
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PwqLu8ZXIX0
——–
Kevin Ryan: Experiments with nanothermite
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O66UyGNrmSI
——–
Linear Thermite Cutting Charges
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wn-MCCZ3O1M&
——–
Incendiary Experiments
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RXlC2TlNgEU
——-
Thermite Experiments
http://www.youtube.com/channel/HCEXG_yk2AwA4
——–
How to light Thermite (Ignite)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PUtq7ne3t3E
——-
NanoThermite compared to Fire – 9/11 Science (Jesse Ventura)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IxMjqskh3ec
(pause at 1:02)
——–
Thermite Reactions – Compilation
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M3ZkoNF2ybg&
——–
Mythbusters – Thermite Vs. Ice
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w6cMmk8LZgQ&
———
Mythbusters Toast 1/2 Ton of Thermite
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PPAYZMzGMwQ&
——–

OTHER

Nano-thermite (super-thermite) 0.05 g
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dShGYuU_Wks&
———
“This is 50 milligram homemade nano-thermite.
The composition is 50% ferrocerium, 33% copper (II) oxide and 17% sodium nitrate. I ground the powders to extremely small particle sizes (way under 1 μm) with my steel plate method: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JeMeRhgKFsk

This nano-thermite burns as fast as some of my most powerful ferrocerium flash powders with NaNO3 as the only oxidizer. You can see the brown copper smoke at 0:22.”
——–
How to make thermite (copper, and iron)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ebJyJeKOBKo
——
Make Thermite out of Sand
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=73YmP_JSrlU
—————

NANO THERMITE HEADINGS

NANO THERMITE
https://kendoc911.wordpress.com/wtc-towers/nano-thermite/
———-
EVIDENCE OF NANO THERMITE
https://kendoc911.wordpress.com/wtc-towers/nano-thermite/evidence-of-nano-thermite/
———-
BENTHAM JOURNAL
https://kendoc911.wordpress.com/wtc-towers/nano-thermite/bentham-journal/
———-
PEER REVIEWED PAPER
https://kendoc911.wordpress.com/wtc-towers/nano-thermite/peer-reviewed-paper/
———-
RED GRAY CHIPS
https://kendoc911.wordpress.com/wtc-towers/nano-thermite/redgray-chips/
———-
IRON RICH SPHERES
https://kendoc911.wordpress.com/wtc-towers/nano-thermite/iron-rich-spheres/
———-
CARBON NANO TUBES
https://kendoc911.wordpress.com/wtc-towers/nano-thermite/carbon-nanotubes/
———-
DEBUNKING NANO THERMITE
https://kendoc911.wordpress.com/wtc-towers/nano-thermite/debunking-nano-thermite/
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