SIMPLE FACTS OF TEMPERATURES

SIMPLE FACTS OF TEMPERATURES

SIMPLE FACTS OF TEMPERATURES

Since we know that Jet Fuel burns at a maximum temperature of ~260-315°C (500-599°F) in open air, Hydro Carbon fires burn at a maximum of 825ºC (1517ºF), and the melting point of typical structural steel is ~1510ºC (2750ºF). Then what caused the “pools of molten steel” at the WTC?

Simple Facts of Temperatures:
~1535ºC (2795ºF) – melting point of iron.
~1510ºC (2750ºF) – melting point of typical structural steel.
~825ºC (1517ºF) – maximum temperature of hydrocarbon fires burning in the atmosphere without pressurization or pre-heating (premixed fuel and air – blue flame).
Diffuse flames burn far cooler. Oxygen-starved diffuse flames are cooler yet. The fires in the Towers were diffuse and well below 800ºC.
Source: http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/melting-temperature-metals-d_860.html

temperaturefactsmeme
————
Jet Fuel (JET A-1): “Commercial jet fuel is essentially kerosene…”
~260-315°C (500-599°F) – open air burning temperature of JET A-1.
~980°C (1796°F) – maximum burning temperature of JET A-1.
Sources: http://mepetroleum.com/jet_fuel.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jet_fuel

jetfuelmemequote
————-
Other:
~2500ºC (4532ºF) – Maximum temperature of Thermite.
~660ºC (1120ºF) – Melting point of Aluminum.
(turns silver rapidly when cooled).
~1500ºC (2700ºF) – Melting point of Glass.
~1800-2500°C (3272-4532°F) – Melting point of Concrete.
~233ºC (451ºF) – Ignition temperature of paper (No chemicals added).
~1950 °C – Maximum temperature of Natural Gas burning in air.
~1980 °C – Maximum temperature of Propane burning in air
http://www.weldcare.co.uk/app10.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gas_burner
——–
“It is believed that almost all of the jet fuel that remained on the impact floors was consumed in the first few minutes of the fire.” fema.gov 2-22
http://www.fema.gov/pdf/library/fema403_ch2.pdf
——–
“Like you’re in a foundry.”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cCdRA09pztM
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cCdRA09pztM
———
HEAT COLORS (Blacksmith Tools)
http://www.blksmth.com/heat_colors.htm

color_chart
———
9/11 MOLTEN STEEL
https://kendoc911.wordpress.com/911-molten-steel/
———
JET FUEL
https://kendoc911.wordpress.com/jet-fuel/

Kerosene – Hot enough to bring down 3 WTC buildings. Won’t melt $10 camping Lanterns.

kerosene
————-

Other Sources:

Metals – Melting Temperatures
http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/melting-temperature-metals-d_860.html
———-
Densities of Miscellaneous Solids
http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/density-solids-d_1265.html
———-
Temperature and Strength of Metals
http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/metal-temperature-strength-d_1353.html
———-
Fuels and Chemicals – Auto Ignition Temperatures
http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/fuels-ignition-temperatures-d_171.html
———-
Flash Point – The flash point indicates how easy a chemical may ignite and burn
http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/flash-point-d_924.html
———-
Fuels – Densities and Specific Volumes
http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/fuels-densities-specific-volumes-d_166.html
———-
Gases – Densities
http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/gas-density-d_158.html
———-
Melting and Boiling Temperatures – Evaporation and Melting Heat
http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/melting-boiling-temperatures-d_392.html
———-
Solids – Specific Heats
http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/specific-heat-solids-d_154.html
———-
Sulfur Dioxide – Liquid Thermal Prorties
http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/sulfur-dioxide-liquid-thermal-prorties-d_1764.html
———-
Temperature in Mixed Liquids or Solids
http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/temperature-mixing-liquid-solids-d_1754.html
———-
Standards Organizations
http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/standards-organizations-t_48.html
———-
Thermodynamics
http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/thermodynamics-t_36.html
———-
Flame Temperatures some Common Gases
http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/flame-temperatures-gases-d_422.html
———-
Adiabatic Flame Temperature
http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/adiabatic-flame-temperature-d_996.html
———-
PROPELLANT COMBUSTION CHARTS
http://www.braeunig.us/space/comb.htm
—————

 

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